Public procurement is central to good public financial management and public resources allocation. It´s importance is derived from its role as the vehicle by which typically over 40% of the budget implementation is managed and which can be as high as 70%. It is the means by which a country´s policy objectives are implemented.
The effectiveness and efficiency of public procurement in implementing policy through the purchase of the right outputs and their delivery is affected by a number of factors including clear and unambiguous laws and regulations, effective institutional arrangements including the use of administrative complaints boards, effective controls, a professional cadre, document and records management, transparency and accountability.
It is also affected by how well the market functions; the linkages with budget preparation and budget release management managed through the application of procurement plans.The principal approach to bringing into balance competition, effective procurement control, administrative burden, cost, appropriate authorization and procedural delay is through the appropriate use of procurement methods.
This course will provide participants with an overview of the legal and regulatory framework; decentralised public procurement institutional arrangements; the development and uses of procurement plans; clear concepts and a simple tool to classify and apply specific procurement methods; inventory and warehouse management. It will review different types of contracts and how they are applied.
It will also provide participants with an overview of contract administration and pay attention to the application of contract variations. The course will permit government officials responsible for public procurement to better appreciate how other parts of public finance management performance impact upon the performance of public finance management, and in turn how public procurement impacts upon public finance management performance. It shall help the participants develop a framework to analyse how procurement is done in their country, what are the relevant issues hindering its efficiency and effectiveness and how to support a procurement reform effort.
After completion of this course participants should be able to :
>Acquire analytical frameworks to understand the foundations and principles governing public procurement: legal and regulatory principles driving equity, fairness, accountability and transparency.
>Appreciate how to achieve efficiency and effectiveness using appropriate procurement methods and become familiar with the main institutional arrangements – oversight authority, tender boards, tender evaluation committees, administrative review boards, procurement entities, procurement units, procurement committees.
>Be aware of the procurement-expenditure cycle and understand its stages, authorization arrangements
>Understand the linkages to other PFM functions as planning, budgeting, managing the cash flow, commitment control and especially to external scrutiny by Public Procurement Oversight Authority, National Audit Office, =>Anti-Corruption Commission and Parliament
>Understand the role of the procurement plan both in budget preparation as well as budget release management
>Understand the main features of a push versus pull based supply chain arrangement.
>Understand inventory and warehouse management.
>Understand how a functioning market plays a key role in public procurement.
Who should to attend
Government officials involved in public procurement and other areas of public finance management who would like to improve their understanding of public finance management. It is suitable for participants with little or no background in Public Finance Management. It contributes to developing capacities in country to form a credible professional cadre of public procurement professionals